الفجوة بين سعر صرف الدينار المعلن من قبل البنك المركزي العراقي ومثيله السوقي للمدة 2003-2016
The Iraqi economy, witnessed difficult conditions during the eighties and nineties of the last century as a result of successive wars, severe economic embargo and high inflation rates, which led to sharp deterioration of the value of the Iraqi dinar in terms of other currencies, namely the dollar. After 2003, the Central Bank obtained independence after the implementation of Law 56 of 2004, and the monetary authority seized the opportunity to achieve significant decrease in inflation rates. This achievement came as a result of the efforts pursued by the monetary authorities to employ part of the international reserves in order to strengthen the value of the Iraqi dinar against the US dollar through the mechanism of selling foreign currency (dollar) and buying the dinar in the foreign exchange market. However, maintaining such a policy of high (official) exchange rate of the Iraqi dinar against the dollar could lead to the risk of having an overvalued dinar in terms of dollars, resulting excessive demand for the dollar and consequently, a continuous decline in the value of the Iraqi dinar, and weak response of the latter to the intervention measures taken by the monetary authority in the foreign exchange market. This may result in widening the gap between the two prices.